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What is an EPD?

What is an EPD?

An Environmental Product Declaration (EPD) is an independently verified and registered document that communicates transparent and comparable information about the life-cycle environmental impact of products. As a voluntary declaration of the life-cycle environmental impact, having an EPD for a product does not imply that the declared product is environmentally superior to alternatives.

The relevant standard for Environmental Product Declarations is ISO 14025, where they are referred to as "type III environmental declarations". A type III environmental declaration is created and registered in the framework of a programme, such as the International EPD®  System.

An EPD  may be used for many different applications, including green public procurement (GPP) and building assessment schemes. The concept of  type III environmental declarations was developed to primarily be used in business-to-business communication, but their use in business-to-consumer communication is not precluded by the standards.

All EPDs registered in the International EPD®  System are publically available and free to download through the EPD Search on this website.

 

Company case studies

  • Declaring the impact of pasta

    Declaring the impact of pasta12/10/2010

    Barilla started to conduct life cycle assessments (LCA) in 2000, which were eventually to be turned into several product-specific EPDs. Initially the aim was to understand the potential of the methodology and to improve the know-how of the whole production chain. In 2008 LCA came to form a part of Barilla’s business strategy, which increased the need for measuring and communicating environmental performance.

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