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What is an EPD?

What is an EPD?

An Environmental Product Declaration (EPD) is an independently verified and registered document that communicates transparent and comparable information about the life-cycle environmental impact of products. As a voluntary declaration of the life-cycle environmental impact, having an EPD for a product does not imply that the declared product is environmentally superior to alternatives.

What about the ®?

The EPD logotype and the acronym EPD are registered trademarks within the European Union.

The relevant standard for Environmental Product Declarations is ISO 14025, where they are referred to as "type III environmental declarations". A type III environmental declaration is created and registered in the framework of a programme, such as the International EPD®  System.

An EPD  may be used for many different applications, including green public procurement (GPP) and building assessment schemes. The concept of  type III environmental declarations was developed to primarily be used in business-to-business communication, but their use in business-to-consumer communication is not precluded by the standards.

All EPDs registered in the International EPD®  System are publically available and free to download through the EPD Search on this website.


Company case studies

  • Digging into steel

    Digging into steel 3/10/2011

    Vicinay Cadenas was the first company in the mooring sector to apply for an EPD for one of its products. Prior to registering the EPD, the company worked out a baseline for its environmental impact.

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  • Vattenfall, Barilla and Sapi pioneering EPD process certification

    Vattenfall, Barilla and Sapi pioneering EPD process certification 3/2/2011

    Swedish state-owned energy group Vattenfall, Italian pasta company Barilla and printer cartridges re-manufacturer Sapi are the first companies to certify their environmental work according to the EPD process certification system.

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  • Improving Swiss energy generation

    Improving Swiss energy generation12/10/2010

    Switzerland’s largest energy supplier, Axpo AG, registered an EPD in 2009 for some of the electricity provided by its nuclear power plant in Beznau.

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