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What is an EPD?

What is an EPD?

An Environmental Product Declaration (EPD) is an independently verified and registered document that communicates transparent and comparable information about the life-cycle environmental impact of products. As a voluntary declaration of the life-cycle environmental impact, having an EPD for a product does not imply that the declared product is environmentally superior to alternatives.

The relevant standard for Environmental Product Declarations is ISO 14025, where they are referred to as "type III environmental declarations". A type III environmental declaration is created and registered in the framework of a programme, such as the International EPD®  System.

An EPD  may be used for many different applications, including green public procurement (GPP) and building assessment schemes. The concept of  type III environmental declarations was developed to primarily be used in business-to-business communication, but their use in business-to-consumer communication is not precluded by the standards.

All EPDs registered in the International EPD®  System are publically available and free to download through the EPD Search on this website.

Examples of EPD

Examples of EPD for construction products, food and vehicles from companies such as 3M, Mapei, and Barilla.

Examples of EPD for construction products, food and vehicles from companies such as 3M, Mapei, and Barilla.


Other languages

An introduction to EPD is also available in the following languages:

Company case studies

  • Yearning for sustainable yarn

    Yearning for sustainable yarn9/13/2012

    Producing recycled yarn wasn’t enough for Aquafil – the company wanted to make sure that its yarn was sustainable from a life cycle perspective.

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  • More than a product declaration

    More than a product declaration4/29/2011

    While many companies focus merely on the impacts of its products, Korsnäs has chosen to show a wider picture of its environmental work and company impact in its EPDs.

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  • Digging into steel

    Digging into steel 3/10/2011

    Vicinay Cadenas was the first company in the mooring sector to apply for an EPD for one of its products. Prior to registering the EPD, the company worked out a baseline for its environmental impact.

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