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Under development - Packaging



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This document is under development. A draft version was available for open consultation until 2019-01-15. The draft will now be update by the PCR moderator and PCR committee. The final draft will be reviewed before publication. Dates are preliminary and subject to change.


When finished, this document would serve as Product Category Rules (PCR) for packaging products. It aims to be the main way to develop and register EPDs in the International EPD System and it refers to the International ISO standard developed for packaging.

This document is developed through a multi-code (UN CPC codes) and multi-material approach. The framework of the document is based on the main functions of packaging as stated with the ISO definition. "Packaging": product to be used for the containment, protection, handling, delivery, storage, transport and presentation of goods, from raw materials to processed goods, from the producer to the user or consumer, including processor, assembler or other intermediary.

This PCR has been developed with the modular approach regarding the life cycle stages and the system boundaries definition. The declared unit is based on technical characteristics relevant for any packaging purpose, extendable to functional unit to include intended use, use phase and end-of-life.

  • If this document is used for consumer packaging (packaging constituting, with its contents, a sales unit for the final user or consumer at the point of retail) it may be used for an EPD for packaging products based on a functional unit, cradle-to-grave;
  • If this document is used for distribution packaging (packaging designed to contain one or more articles or packages, or bulk material, for the purposes of transport, handling and/or distribution), it may be used for an EPD for packaging products based on a declared unit, cradle-to-gate or cradle-to-gate with options.

Other already issued PCRs on the packaging sector can potentially remain valid as stand- alone PCRs and they can be gradually made compliant with this PCR.

Your use of this material is subject to the General Terms of Use published on by EPD International AB:s homepage at  If you have not registered and accepted EPD International AB:s the General Terms of Use, you are not authorized to exploit this work in any manner.

Detailed information

Name: Under development - Packaging
CPC Codes:317 Packing cases, boxes, crates, drums and similar packings, of wood; cable-drums of wood; pallets, box pallets and other load boards, of wood; casks, barrels, vats, tubs and other coopers' products and parts thereof, of wood (including staves)
364 Packaging products of plastics
422 Tanks, reservoirs and containers of iron, steel or aluminium
2715 Sacks and bags, of a kind used for the packing of goods
32153 Cartons, boxes, cases, record sleeves and other packing containers (except bags) of paper, paperboard, cellulose wadding or webs of cellulose fibres; box files, letter trays, and similar articles, of paper or paperboard of a kind used in offices, shops or
37191 Bottles, jars, phials and other containers, of glass, of a kind used for the conveyance or packing of goods, except ampoules; stoppers, lids and other closures, of glass
37291 Ceramic wares for laboratory, chemical or other technical uses; ceramic troughs, tubs and similar receptacles of a kind used in agriculture; ceramic pots, jars and similar articles of a kind used for the conveyance or packing of goods
4293 Tanks, casks, drums, cans, boxes and similar containers (other than for compressed or liquefied gas) of iron, steel or aluminium, of a capacity not exceeding 300 litres, not fitted with mechanical or thermal equipment; stoppers, caps and lids (including c
GPI version: General Programme Instructions 3 (2017-)
Related PCR: Closable flexible plastic packaging
Beverage cartons (expired 2019-06-26; being replaced by PCR for packaging)
Containers of paper and paperboard, not elsewhere classified
Crates for food
Geographical scope: Global
PCR committee: ApE-PACKAGING WORKING GROUP (Università degli Studi di Milano - Department of Chemistry -, QUOTA SETTE Srl
Appointed PCR moderator: Anna Bortoluzzi  Università degli Studi di Milano - Department of Chemistry

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