Content of a Climate Declaration
A Climate Declaration describes the emissions of greenhouse gases, expressed as CO2-equivalents for a product's life cycle. It is based on verified results from life cycle assessment (LCA) based information in accordance with ISO 14025.
Single issue EPD®s shall give information on how to obtain information on the full environmental impact from the declared product. Single issue EPDs shall also include the following statement: “This single issue EPD® only addresses one impact category and does not assess other potential social, economic and environmental impacts arising from the provision of this product.”
Creating a Climate Declaration
Climate Declarations shall follow the same rules for development as the EPD process:
- Find or create relevant PCR document for the product category
- Perform LCA study based on PCR
- Compiling environmental information into the EPD® reporting format
- Verification and certification
- Registration and publication
When an EPD® is registered, a Climate Declaration document may be created by the Secretariat upon request. Climate Declaration be based on will include the information about the product and company and the Global Warming Potential indicator from the EPD®.
The recent attention on the climate issue has created a growing need for companies and organizations to in an objective and credible way explain how their activities affect the climate.
Procurement and purchasing
Using climate declarations it could be possible to compare emissions of greenhouse gases between all types of goods, products and services. Climate declarations are intended to serve as a more understandable and user-friendly part of the information produced by the EPD®system.
This is valuable information when it comes to the procurement and purchasing, both for business and for consumers.
Climate declarations can be used when reporting to authorities, as a basis for eco-labels, but also for public information in various forms.
Internal environmental work
An organisations work with climate declarations provides a good picture of how the products affect the environment, which could be useful in the internal environment work and management.
It is increasingly common for organisations to market their goods or services as environmentally friendly. Even in that context climate declarations are increasingly useful, as more and more companies are creating them for their services and products.
More information about Single-issue EPD®s and Climate Declarations are available in the General Programme Instructions.